Top 20 Best Science Courses in Nigeria

Top 20 Best Science Courses in Nigeria (2024)

In today’s post, we will discuss the top 20 best science courses in Nigeria and their roles in society. 

Scientific Opportunities

The field of science is very large, it offers many opportunities to people interested in this field. From courses regarding the human body to abstract scientific programs. Discover the 20 best science courses in Nigeria. In no particular order, these are some of the lucrative science courses in Nigeria.


Medicine and Surgery stand out as premier science courses in Nigeria, offering a profound exploration of medical sciences and hands-on clinical experience. The noble calling of becoming a doctor goes beyond a job, involving saving lives and making a meaningful impact. In Nigeria’s high-demand healthcare landscape, pursuing this path opens doors to a rewarding career.

 According to the English Oxford Dictionary, medicine encompasses the science and practice of diagnosing, treating, and preventing diseases. With its profitable and prestigious nature, it remains among the top choices for science students, showcasing its completeness and competitiveness at the university level.


Studying Pharmacy in Nigeria offers an ideal blend of science and healthcare, positioning graduates as vital contributors to the healthcare sector. As a pharmacist, you become an expert in drugs, ensuring their safe usage and collaborating with doctors for optimal patient care.

 With a high demand for pharmacists in Nigeria, this profession provides fulfilling career opportunities to make a significant impact on public health. Pharmacy stands out as one of the best and most prestigious science courses at the tertiary level, making it a compelling choice for aspiring science students.


Engineering offers a gateway to shaping the world. From civil to mechanical, electrical, chemical, or computer engineering, the field provides endless possibilities. Engineers contribute significantly to building infrastructure, powering industries, and driving innovation. 

With diverse branches like production, mechanical, civil, petroleum, agricultural, electrical, and more, engineering stands out as a broad and impactful course. Aspiring science students seeking a rewarding career with high regard and substantial rewards should consider the dynamic field of engineering at the tertiary level.

Computer Science

Computer science, a course centred on software design and engineering, covers key aspects like algorithmic thinking, human-computer interaction, programming languages, and the history of computing. In the current era of rapid computer evolution, it stands out as one of the most captivating science courses nationwide. 

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An appealing aspect for students is the prospect of not having to carry physical files when job hunting, thanks to the field’s demand. The creative potential of computer science students is evident in their ability to create blogs, websites, and software, providing opportunities for lucrative employment with the right skills and tools.


A Biochemistry degree opens doors to diverse careers. Graduates can pursue roles such as Analytical Chemist, Biomedical Scientist, Biotechnologist, Clinical Research Associate, Forensic Scientist, Medicinal Chemist, Nanotechnologist, Pharmacologist, and Healthcare Scientist in Clinical Biochemistry. The multidisciplinary nature of biochemistry equips professionals to contribute across various sectors, from healthcare to research and technology.


The field of architecture involves the science and art of creating diverse structures for residential, educational, worship, entertainment, and recreational purposes. Architects play a pivotal role in designing plans that align with the specific needs of each project. 

With a constant demand for new structures nationwide, architecture graduates have abundant job opportunities. Whether working for established firms or pursuing independent practice, architects find rewarding prospects in shaping the built environment.


Pharmacology describes the actions of drugs in our bodies. As a student, you explore the dynamic realms of drug discovery, development, and application.  This knowledge positions you as a vital contributor, ensuring safe and efficacious treatments for patients. Whether in a pharmaceutical firm, research institution, or healthcare setup, studying pharmacology in Nigeria opens doors to impactful contributions in advancing healthcare.


Radiography, the examination of internal body images to diagnose ailments, is integral to effective healthcare. This course is often overlooked in Nigeria, although it offers a compelling option for science students. Despite its underappreciation, Radiography proves both lucrative and esteemed.

 Contrary to misconceptions, it is a competitive and rewarding field, especially in addressing cancer-related concerns. Opting for Radiography at university stands out as a commendable choice for aspiring healthcare professionals.


Dentistry, a branch of medicine focusing on teeth, encompasses the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of oral diseases and conditions. Wikipedia verifies its significance, portraying Dentistry as a lucrative and commendable choice for science students. Opting for Dentistry at the university level is a wise decision for those seeking top-notch science courses. 

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Despite past underrating, this course continues to be embraced by numerous science students, highlighting its enduring appeal and relevance in academic pursuits. Furthermore, Dentistry is an underrated course in Nigeria. Many people visit the dentist more than the average Nigerian thinks. 


A degree in Pure and Applied Mathematics opens doors to diverse careers. Graduates can excel as Accountants, Database Developers, Financial Analysts, Risk Analysts, Mathematicians, Stock Market Analysts, and professionals in areas like Search Engines and Image Processing Applications. The skills acquired, including analytical thinking and proficiency in mathematical models, make mathematicians valuable contributors to fields such as finance, technology, and data analysis.


Nursing is erroneously perceived as exclusively for female students in many African countries, but this is a misconception. It is a science course suitable for everyone. Nursing is a vital profession within healthcare, dedicated to enhancing individuals, families, and communities’ well-being. Comparable to medicine, it offers lucrative and prestigious opportunities in various sectors post-graduation, ensuring ample employment prospects for nursing graduates.

Industrial Chemistry

Industrial Chemistry, a good science course in Nigeria, integrates chemistry with engineering, economics, and industrial management. Graduates possess diverse skills crucial for sectors such as government, research, production, and more. With expertise spanning areas like oil, textiles, pharmaceuticals, and biotechnology, they contribute significantly to the nation’s development across various industries, making it a sought-after discipline with extensive employment opportunities.


Physiology delves into unraveling the intricacies of our body’s functions. Exploring the cardiovascular, respiratory, and nervous systems, students gain profound insights into the mechanisms sustaining life. Imagine being the expert deciphering these mysteries! As a physiology student, you become pivotal in diagnosing and treating diseases. The acquired knowledge opens doors to diverse career paths—research, teaching, or specializing in healthcare—empowering you to contribute significantly to advancing medical practices in Nigeria.

Agricultural Science

Agriculture, often underestimated, proves to be a lucrative field in Nigeria. Despite societal bias towards white-collar jobs, agricultural science graduates find themselves in a self-sustaining profession. The course’s brevity, just 4 or 5 years in university, encompasses practical and theoretical training. 

Various branches like Aquafarming, Apiculture, Fishery, and more are under the umbrella of Agriculture. For science students with an entrepreneurial spirit, opting for agriculture promises long-term satisfaction.


A Biotechnology degree offers a pathway to diverse careers. Graduates can pursue roles like Laboratory Assistant, Greenhouse Technician, Forensic DNA Analyst, Clinical Research Associate, Bioinformatics Specialist, Animal Caretaker, Production Engineer, QA Engineer, Consultant, Biomedical Engineer, Soil and Plant Scientist, Food Scientist, Epidemiologist, Agricultural and Food Scientist, Agricultural Engineer, Animal Scientist, and Biochemist. Biotechnology’s impact spans healthcare, agriculture, and environmental sustainability, providing solutions to global challenges.

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Optometry in Nigeria is an incredible medical course. This program delves into eye examinations, prescribing glasses, and managing eye conditions. The joy of enhancing people’s vision is rewarding. With a blend of classroom and hands-on experiences, optometry students are well-prepared for a fulfilling career. 

Opportunities abound in private practice, hospitals, and eye care clinics, enabling graduates to make a significant impact on people’s lives by ensuring optimal eye health and clarity of vision.

Medical lab Scientist

Medical Laboratory Scientists play a crucial role by conducting tests on patients and providing essential data for physicians. Despite the perception of being treated like doctors, their roles differ significantly. 

They Complete a 5 to 6-year university programme, including internships which prepares them for this responsibility. The job’s importance lies in influencing physicians’ decisions, making it an attractive and rewarding option for students seeking a profitable science career.


Chemistry, a fundamental science, is crucial in various engineering disciplines such as chemical and petroleum engineering. Graduates with a chemistry background find lucrative career prospects in pharmaceutical and chemical industries, as well as laboratories. The widespread application of chemistry in these fields underscores its enduring value in the realm of science and technology.

Medical Rehabilitation

Medical rehabilitation, also known as physiatry or physiatrics, is a compelling field within science. Focused on improving functional ability and quality of life for those with physical impairments, it’s a competitive course in Nigerian universities. Hard work is crucial for success. Graduates find ample job opportunities globally, with prospects in Teaching Hospitals, Armed forces, Sports organizations, and industries, making it a rewarding choice for those passionate about enhancing lives through healthcare.

Food Science and Technology

Nigeria’s expanding food industry presents a robust job market for graduates in food science. Job opportunities abound in food processing companies, research institutions, and government agencies. The high demand for food science professionals underscores the vital role they play in shaping and advancing the nation’s food sector.


From hospitals to companies, many science graduates have a large spectrum of job opportunities. These are the top 20 best science courses in Nigeria. Choose the one that suits your goals and I wish you the best of luck.

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