Top 10 Richest Country in Africa

Top 10 Richest Country in Africa 2024

Africa is a vast and diverse continent, with a wealth of culture, breathtaking landscapes, remarkable history, and abundant natural resources. The continent is home to 54 distinct countries, each with its unique charm and character.

In recent years, the continent has witnessed significant growth and development, with many countries making strides in various areas.

In this article, we will explore the top 10 countries in Africa, taking into consideration factors such as economic strength, political stability, and cultural significance.

10 Richest Country in Africa

  1. South Africa 
  2. Egypt 
  3. Nigeria
  4. Morocco
  5. Kenya 
  6. Algeria
  7. Ethiopia
  8. Ghana
  9. Mauritius
  10. Tanzania 

Richest Country in Africa

South Africa 

South Africa is a country renowned for its breathtaking landscapes and is often referred to as the “Rainbow Nation” due to its cultural diversity. However, it is also a country with a two-speed economy, where one sector is on par with industrialized nations, while another is in dire need of basic infrastructure.

South Africa’s economy is growing and has enormous natural resources. It boasts a well-developed legal, communication, energy, and transport sector and is also home to the largest stock exchange in Africa. The country is Africa’s largest producer of electricity and the only one on the continent with a nuclear power plant. South Africa is a popular tourist destination due to its national parks and diverse wildlife. Mining is also a significant contributor to the country’s economy, with South Africa being a major producer of gold and several other valuable minerals.


With its rich history dating back thousands of years, Egypt is widely regarded as one of the world’s cradles of civilization. The Pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx and the Nile River are just a few of the many attractions that draw tourists and historians to the country. Tourism has been a significant contributor to Egypt’s economy, bringing in foreign currency and providing job opportunities.

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Additionally, Egypt holds significant natural gas reserves in the Mediterranean Sea. The exploration and export of natural gas play a vital role in the country’s revenue and economic activity.


Nigeria, often referred to as the “Giant of Africa,” has the largest population on the continent. The country is a major producer of oil and relies heavily on oil exports. It has considerable oil reserves, and revenue from oil has played a crucial role in Nigeria’s economic growth.

Besides oil, Nigeria also produces natural gas, limestone, niobium, lead, arable land, tin, iron ore, and zinc. With a thriving economy, diverse cultures, and significant influence on African politics, Nigeria is a powerhouse in West Africa.


Morocco is a country located at the intersection of Africa and Europe. Its cities, such as Marrakech and Fes, are famous for their bustling markets, historic medinas, and unique blend of art and architecture.

In addition to tourism, Morocco’s economy relies on other sources of income such as manufacturing, agriculture, and exports of wood, cotton, fruit, and phosphates. The country possesses two-thirds of the world’s phosphate reserves, which are used to produce fertilizers.

Morocco has been actively investing in renewable energy, particularly in solar and wind power. The Noor Solar Power Complex, one of the largest solar power plants in the world, is a testament to Morocco’s commitment to sustainable energy.


Kenya’s economy has expanded beyond its traditional sectors, with services such as finance, communication, and technology becoming increasingly important contributors to the country’s GDP. Nairobi, the capital, has been dubbed “Silicon Savannah” due to its growing tech sector.

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Kenya has been a trailblazer in mobile money services, particularly with the success of M-Pesa. The widespread adoption of mobile banking has enabled financial inclusion and supported economic transactions throughout the country.


Algeria, with its diverse landscapes ranging from the Sahara Desert to the Mediterranean coast, is a hidden gem in North Africa.

Since gaining independence in 1962, Algeria has established a dense industrial base through significant economic initiatives. 

Algeria is a member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), and its economy is heavily dependent on its oil and gas sector, which accounts for more than 95% of its export revenue.

Rich in history and culture, Algeria invites exploration of ancient ruins and bustling cities.


Ethiopia is known for its ancient history and cultural heritage. It has one of the fastest-growing economies in Africa.

The country has a large agriculture sector, which employs most of the population, and has recently been diversifying into manufacturing and services. Additionally, Ethiopia has significant natural resources, including gold, coffee, and hydropower.

With unique traditions, breathtaking landscapes, and historical sites like Lalibela, Ethiopia holds a distinct place in Africa.


Ghana is a beautiful country in West Africa, known for its friendly people, fascinating history, and stable government. It’s a great place to visit, with many interesting things to see and do. For example, you can visit the Cape Coast Castle, which played an important role in the slave trade, or explore the busy markets of Accra.

Ghana has been working hard to improve the lives of its people. It has implemented policies to make it easier for businesses to operate, which is attracting more investment from around the world. These changes are helping to create a bright future for Ghana and its people.

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Mauritius is an island located in the Indian Ocean. It is an important hub for trade and investment between Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. The country is famous for its beautiful beaches, coral reefs, and luxurious resorts, making it a popular tourist destination. The tourism sector plays a vital role in the country’s economy, providing jobs and bringing in money from foreign visitors.

Mauritius has made changes to its economy to make it easier for businesses to operate. These changes have reduced red tape and made it simpler to do business. As a result, Mauritius has become an attractive destination for both local and foreign investors.


Tanzania is a beautiful country that offers a wonderful escape into nature. It is home to the famous Mount Kilimanjaro and the Serengeti National Park, which are both amazing places to visit. If you love wildlife and safaris, then Tanzania is the perfect destination for you. 

Apart from its natural beauty, Tanzania is also rich in minerals. It has a diverse landscape with beautiful beaches, mountains, and national parks. Whether you’re looking for adventure or relaxation, Tanzania has something for everyone.

Wrap Up

Africa’s top 10 richest countries showcase the continent’s diverse tapestry. These nations each possess unique contributions to Africa. The potential of each country makes Africa a fascinating place to explore.

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